John Hancock Playground
John Hancock Playground
This playground is named after John Hancock (1737-1793), best known as the first man to sign the Declaration of Independence in 1776. His signature was so grand and bold that “to give your John Hancock” has entered the vernacular as a phrase for signing one’s name.
Hancock was born in Massachusetts and adopted by his uncle. He attended Harvard College and then joined his uncle’s prosperous mercantile business in Boston, which he inherited after his uncle died in 1764. Hancock entered politics the following year, serving as a selectman—an elected city office similar to a city council member or alderman. He joined Samuel Adams (1722-1803) in opposing the Stamp Act of 1765, which was passed by Parliament to pay the costs of British troops in America by levying duties on a wide range of goods. Hancock’s popular reputation as an anti-British stalwart grew in 1768, when his sloop Liberty was seized for smuggling to avoid British import levies. From 1769 to 1774 he served as a member of the Massachusetts General Court.
He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1775 to 1780, serving as its president from 1775 until 1777. It was in this capacity that he signed the Declaration of Independence. He had hoped to be named commander of the Continental army, but George Washington (1732-1799) was named instead.
In 1780, Hancock helped draft the constitution for the state of Massachusetts and was elected its governor that same year. He served in Congress under the Articles of Confederation in 1785-1786 before returning to serve Massachusetts as governor in 1787. In 1788, when Massachusetts was voting on ratifying the Constitution, he argued in favor of it, and for the addition of a Bill of Rights; the state ratified the Constitution by a close margin. Hancock held the office for the rest of his life, dying during his ninth term as governor, in 1793.
The city bought this land between Bedford Avenue, Hancock Street, and Jefferson Avenue in 1947 to provide recreation space for the new P.S. 3. It was not until the old P.S. 3 on the adjacent site was demolished, however, that the current playground could be constructed. It was opened in 1962, named simply P.S. 3 Playground.
NYC Parks Commissioner Henry J. Stern renamed the park Jefferson Playground in 1987, to match P.S. 3’s formal name. The commissioner changed the name again in 1999, to John Hancock Playground. The park sits on Hancock Street, but the main motivation for this last name change is the dearth of places named for Hancock in comparison with those named for Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). The new name echoes the patriotic theme of the park, with its big eagles, stars and stripes, and use of red, white and blue.