Arthur H. Murphy (1868-1922) was the first Democratic County Chairman in the Bronx, a position later held by Ed “In Like Flynn” Flynn and Charles Buckley. His parents were among the thousands of Irish immigrants who crossed the Atlantic Ocean during the 19th century to escape the poverty and famine in Ireland. By the end of that century, 37 percent of the U.S. population was foreign born and the Irish comprised nearly a fourth of that number. They soon gained a foothold in the Tammany Hall wing of the Democratic Party and dominated New York politics well into the 20th century. It was as part of this organization that Arthur Murphy became a leading figure in the New York political landscape.