Prospect Park W, Parkside Ave. bet. Flatbush Ave., Ocean Ave. and Prospect Park SW
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This bronze bust of the world renowned German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) was created by the German-American sculptor Henry Baerer (1837–1908). Dedicated in 1894 in the Prospect Park Concert Grove, the statue is one of seven in the immediate vicinity which include Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Karl Maria Von Weber, Edward Grieg, Washington Irving, Abraham Lincoln, and Thomas Moore.
Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, and studied with his father, who was a singer in the electoral choir. Demonstrating early talent as a pianist, he studied with a succession of instructors, including stints with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) and Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809). He made his public piano debut in 1800, but growing deafness curtailed his public performances.
Beethoven’s hearing disability did not undermine his prodigious talent as a composer. His early works in the 1800s included piano sonatas and chamber music. Recognized as a genius in virtually all musical forms, he is perhaps best known for his extraordinary symphonic output, especially his Fifth Symphony (1805-1807) and his Ninth Symphony (1817-1823). Though a staunch classicist, his music served to usher in the Romantic era.
The original plan for Prospect Park, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux in 1866, left blank this area of the park, except for the written labels “Concourse for Pedestrians” and “Music Stand.” With the park under construction around 1870, Olmsted and Vaux elaborated their design to accommodate musical performances. Within an otherwise pastoral park, they set formal grounds with terraces and a radial arrangement of walkways, punctuated by lineally arranged trees, lavish floral beds and elaborate decorative carvings in New Brunswick sandstone. Noting that, “Promenade concerts are common in many European pleasure grounds [and were] universal in German towns, common in French, and less so in British,” they sought in the concert grove to achieve a place with this purpose in mind.
At the north end was built the Concert Grove House, demolished in 1949, and at the south end Vaux designed the Concert Grove Pavilion, completed in 1874. Made of eight cast-iron posts modeled after Hindu columns of the medieval period (8th to 12th centuries), and supporting an elaborately painted hipped roof with stained-glass cupola, the structure, restored in 1987, is also known as the Oriental Pavilion. At one time it was used as an open-air restaurant.
In 1887, the Music Pagoda was built near the Lily Pond, and with the subsequent establishment of a new music grove at the north edge of the area of the park known as the Nethermead, this area came to be referred to as the Flower Garden.
The Concert Grove possesses a rich collection of bronze sculptural portraits. Three of which—Augustus Mueller’s Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1897), Chester Beach’s Carl Maria Von Weber (1909), and this statue—were donated to the City of Brooklyn in 1894 by the United German Singers of Brooklyn. The group had won the busts as trophies at the 17th National Saengerfest (singing festival), a choral competition held in Madison Square. At a cost of $2,000, the group commissioned the pedestal, and had the monument installed in the Concert Grove.
Sculptor Henry Baerer was born in Kirscheim, Germany, and came to the United States in 1854. He was especially well-known as a portrait sculptor, and contributed six sculptures to the parks of New York City, including statues of General Gouverneur Kemble Warren in Grand Army Plaza, Brooklyn, an earlier version of Beethoven in Central Park, and a bust of industrialist Conrad Poppenhusen in College Point, Queens.
In 1997, the sculpture bust was conserved by the City Parks Foundation Monuments Conservation program, with funding from the Florence Gould Foundation. Further funds are sought to recreate the decorative bronze wreath and lyre that once adorned the front of the pedestal.
Beethoven Memorial Details
- Sculptor: Henry Baerer
- Description: Bust on pedestal
- Materials: Bronze, white granite
- Dimensions: Bust H: 4'; Pedestal H: 9'6" W: 4' D: 3'
- Dedicated: October 20, 1894
- Foundry: Lorne & Aylry, New York (1894 )
- Donor: United Singers of Brooklyn
Directions to Prospect Park
Know Before You Go
Kate Wollman Ice Skating Rink: CLOSED 2012-2013
The Kate Wollman Rink will NOT be open for ice skating this winter; 2012 - 2013. The parking lot will also remain closed this winter. Construction is continuing on Lakeside , a year-round destination for recreation, relaxation, and events. Ice skating will return with the completion of this exciting new project.
- The Great Googamooga To Come To Prospect Park
- Statement From Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe On The Cancellation Of Winter Jam 2012
- Topping Off Prospect Park's New Lakeside
- 6th Annual Shred Fest
- Great GoogaMooga
- Ride The Carousel in Prospect Park
- Nature Exploration Hike
- Lefferts Historic House-2nd Floor Tours
- Barbecuing Areas
- Baseball Fields
- Bicycling and Greenways
- Dog-friendly Areas
- Fitness Equipment
- Hiking Trails
- Historic Houses
- Horseback Riding Trails
- Ice Skating Rinks
- Nature Centers
- Paddleboat Rentals
- Spray Showers
- Tennis Courts
- Water Fountains
- Zoos and Aquariums
Know when to go:
View upcoming athletic area usage