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Bronx

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This text is part of Parks’ Historical Signs Project and can be found posted within the park.

This site, on Creston Avenue between East Burnside Avenue and East 179th Street in the Mount Hope section of the Bronx, is named for the neighborhood in which it resides. The name refers to the high elevation of this portion of the borough.

This area was largely farmland until 1841, when the New York and Harlem Railroad opened a station that soon became the center of a village. In the 1850s, Postmaster Hiram Tarbox named the village Tremont, after the three major hills in the area (Fairmount, Mount Eden, and Mount Hope). Tremont comprises several smaller neighborhoods, including Claremont, Mount Eden, and Mount Hope. Mount Hope is centered on Tremont Avenue. Burnside Avenue honors the Civil War (1861-1865) general, Ambrose E. Burnside (1824-1881). Burnside’s unique and extensive facial hair was the inspiration for the term “sideburns.”

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