This sculpture honors those servicemen from the neighborhood of Greenwich Village who gave their lives while serving in combat during World War I. The dramatic bronze statue on a granite pedestal, dedicated in 1921, is by Philip Martiny (1858–1927), and depicts a foot soldier (known commonly in World War I as a “doughboy”) holding a swirling American flag in battle.
The derivation of the term doughboy remains in question. It was first used by the British in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to describe soldiers and sailors. In the United States the nickname was coined during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848), and was widely popularized during World War I (1914–1918) to refer to infantrymen. After the war, in which Americans saw combat in 1917-18, numerous communities commissioned doughboy statues to honor the local war heroes. The Abingdon Square Doughboy is one of nine such statues erected in New York City’s parks.
The monument was a gift of the Jefferson Democratic Club, whose headquarters once stood opposite this statue on the site now occupied by the residential high rise at 299 West 12th Street. Philip Martiny was a well-known sculptor of his day who received numerous public commissions, among them the statues on the Surrogate Courthouse in Lower Manhattan, and the Chelsea Doughboy at 28th Street and 9th Avenue (for which the same model posed). The unveiling of the statue is reported to have been attended by 10,000 spectators, including 200 Gold Star Mothers (those who lost their sons in battle), and New York Governor Alfred E. Smith.
Abingdon Square Doughboy Details
- Sculptor: Philip Martiny
- Architect: William A. Hewlett (pedestal)
- Description: figure (heroic scale) on pedestal
- Materials: Bronze, Deer Isle granite
- Dimensions: H:1'7-1/2" W: 10'3" D: 10'3"
- Cast: ca. 1921
- Dedicated: 1921
- Foundry: Bureau Brothers, Philadelphia
- Donor: The Jefferson Democratic Club
- Inscription: ERECTED / BY POPULAR SUBSCRIPTION / IN HONOR / OF THE BRAVE MEN / WHO WENT FORTH / FROM THIS NEIGHBOR- / HOOD TO JOIN THE / ARMED FORCES OF / THE UNITED STATES DURING THE WORLD WAR