Bunker Ponds Park
Hylan Blvd., Chester Ave., Arbutus Ave., Huguenot Ave.
Staten Island, 10312
Directions via Google Maps
At various times over the past million years, global cooling allowed massive glaciers to form over much of the northern United States. These ice sheets surged southward from Hudson Bay in Canada, collecting boulders, cobbles, gravel, and soil on the way. As temperatures began to rise 12,000 years ago, the last glacier receded from Staten Island. As the ice melted, the debris was deposited throughout the landscape. This process created the rolling landscape that is characteristic of Staten Island today. The kettle pond in this park was created as the glacier dragged debris across the ground and thereby dug out a hole. As glacial ice melted, runoff filled the newly formed hole with water, making a pond.