This bronze statue depicts Juan Pablo Duarte (1813–1876), the liberator of the Dominican Republic. Italian artist Nicola Arrighini sculpted the larger-than-life-sized statue of a stately, bearded Duarte in 19th century garb resting on his cane and holding a scroll. Donated by the Dominican Republic, the piece was dedicated in the square on the 165th anniversary of Duarte’s birth, on January 26, 1978 and is one of a pantheon of six monuments to Latin American leaders that overlook the Avenue of the Americas.
As a young man, Duarte founded a society called La Trinitaria that sought to promote democratic ideals among the Spanish-speaking inhabitants of Hispaniola Island, most of whom were clustered around the city of Santo Domingo. In 1843 Duarte launched an attempt to free the eastern half of the island from Haitian rule. When the rebellion failed, Duarte fled Hispaniola. When a new revolution succeeded in winning independence for the Dominican Republic in February 1844, Duarte was invited to return as President of the new republic. Although he eventually lost control to a military dictator and died in exile, Duarte was instrumental in developing the Pan-American traditions of democracy and self-government celebrated by the Avenue of the Americas.
Juan Pablo Duarte Details
- Sculptor: Nicola Arrighini
- Description: Standing figure (over life size), on pedestal
- Materials: Bronze, granite
- Dimensions: Figure H: 10'6' W: 5' D: 4'; Pedestal H: 8' W: 5' D: 5'
- Cast: 1978
- Dedicated: January 26, 1978
- Donor: Dominican Republic
- Inscription: Pedestal front:
JUAN PABLO DUARTE / 1813-1876 / FOUNDER OF THE DOMINCAN REPUBLIC /
DONATED BY THE DOMINICAN GOVERNMENT / TO THE CITY OF NEW YORK / INITIATED BY THE CLUB JUAN PABLO DUARTE INC / JANUARY 26, 1978
Bronze integral plinth:
SCULTORE / NICOLA ARRIGHINI / PIETRASANTA /